Molecular and clinical characterisation of homocystinuria in two Austrian families with cystathionine beta-synthase deficiency

U Tröndle, G Sunder-Plassmann, H Burgmann, H Buchmayer, L Kramer, C Bieglmayer, W H Hörl, M Födinger
Acta Medica Austriaca 2001, 28 (5): 145-51
The influence of the genotype on the phenotypic expression of homocystinuria due to cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) deficiency is frequently unclear. We therefore investigated the genotype and the phenotype of CBS deficiency in two Austrian families also considering genetic polymorphisms with a putative association with vascular disease (MTHFR 677C-->T, MTHFR 1298A-->C, F5 1691G-->A, F2 20210G-->A) and response to therapy. We identified the CBS 833T-->C/1058C-->T and CBS 828ins104/1358del134 compound heterozygous genotype in our index patients. Both patients showed mental retardation and ectopia lentis. CBS 833T-->C/1058C-->T was associated with severe vascular complications, which was not the case for CBS 828ins104/1358del134. The patient with CBS 828ins104/1358del134 was negative for F5 1691G-->A, F2 20210G-->A, MTHFR 677C-->T, and MTHFR 1298A-->C, while the patient with CBS 833T-->C/1058C-->T was heterozygous for MTHFR 1298A-->C. A combination therapy including pyridoxine, folic acid, hydroxycobalamin, and betaine failed to lower total homocysteine plasma levels below 50 mumol/L in both patients. In summary, our study demonstrates that the CBS 833C/1058T-MTHFR 1298AC genotype can be related to severe vascular disease, while the CBS 828ins104/1358del134-MTHFR 1298AA genotype presents with a somewhat milder clinical phenotype. Both genotypes do not allow for normalisation of total homocysteine plasma levels following vitamin therapy.

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