JOURNAL ARTICLE

Interaction of cyanine dyes with nucleic acids. XVIII. Formation of the carbocyanine dye J-aggregates in nucleic acid grooves

T Y Ogulchansky, M Y Losytskyy, V B Kovalska, S S Lukashov, V M Yashchuk, S M Yarmoluk
Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 2001, 57 (13): 2705-15
11765797
Spectral properties of carbocyanine dye 3-methyl-2-[3-methyl-2-(3-methyl-2,3-dihydro-1,3-benzothiazole-2-iliden)-1- butenyl]-1,3-benzothiazole-3-il iodide (Cyan betaiPr) in water solution, as well as in the presence of different types of double stranded DNA have been studied. While in water solution of 'free' dye Cyan betaiPr stays mainly in monomeric form, in the presence of DNA the dye molecules form J-aggregates. The molecular structure of these J-aggregates causes the Davydov splitting of their absorption band, corresponding to the first electronic transition. A study of site-specificity showed that in the presence of poly (dA/dT) the majority of Cyan betaiPr molecules form J-aggregates, while in the presence of poly (dGC/dGC) dye molecules stay mainly in monomeric form and in presence of chicken erythrocytes DNA both J-aggregate and monomeric forms of dye are present. We suppose that Cyan betaiPr molecules aggregate in DNA groove, which serves as a template for J-aggregate forming. An increase of ionic strength of solution leads to the release of dye molecules from DNA grooves and prevents J-aggregates formation.

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