OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Systemic lupus erythematosus in three ethnic groups. IX. Differences in damage accrual

G S Alarcón, G McGwin, A A Bartolucci, J Roseman, J Lisse, B J Fessler, H M Bastian, A W Friedman, J D Reveille
Arthritis and Rheumatism 2001, 44 (12): 2797-806
11762940

OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors predictive of damage in a multiethnic (Hispanic, African American, and Caucasian) LUMINA (lupus in minority populations, nature versus nurture) cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with disease duration of < or =5 years at enrollment (T0).

METHODS: Variables (socioeconomic/demographic, clinical, immunologic, immunogenetic, behavioral, and psychological) were measured at T0 and annually thereafter. Disease damage was measured with the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics Damage Index (SDI), and disease activity was measured with the Systemic Lupus Activity Measure. The relationship between the different variables and the SDI at the last visit (TL) was examined (mean followup from diagnosis to TL 61 months; adjusted for disease duration). Poisson regression was used to identify the independent association between the different variables and SDI scores at TL.

RESULTS: Seventy-two Hispanics, 104 African Americans, and 82 Caucasians were included. One-half of patients had not accrued any damage. Caucasians had the lowest SDI scores at T0, and Hispanics had the highest scores at TL. Renal damage occurred more frequently among Hispanics and African Americans, while integument damage was more frequent among African Americans. Neuropsychiatric (20%), renal (16%), and ocular (15%) damage occurred most frequently among all patients. Independent predictors of SDI at TL were age, corticosteroid use (maximum dose at T0), number of American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria met, disease activity, and abnormal illness-related behaviors. Other variables were less consistently associated with damage accrual (poverty in African Americans, lack of HLA-DRB1*0301 in Hispanics, presence of HLA-DQB1*0201 and acute onset of SLE in Caucasians).

CONCLUSION: Damage in SLE occurs from the outset in some, but not all, patients; Hispanics accrue damage more rapidly. Disease factors (corticosteroid use, number of ACR criteria met, disease activity, and acute-onset type) are important, but age and abnormal illness-related behaviors also contribute to overall damage in SLE.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11762940
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"