[Expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin in scar fibroblasts in vitro]

H Huang, S J Tang, W H Bao
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery 2001, 15 (6): 347-50

OBJECTIVE: To explore the expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) induced by transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1).

METHODS: Five samples of hypertrophic scars and three samples of normal mature scars were collected as the experimental and control groups respectively. The fibroblasts were isolated from scars, and cultured in 2-dimension or 3-dimension culture system. The immunohistochemical staining method of LSAB were used to investigate the expression of alpha-SMA in fibroblasts in the different concentration of TGF-beta 1.

RESULTS: The expression of alpha-SMA in 3-dimension culture system were markedly lower than those in 2-dimension culture system with respect to the fibroblasts in the experimental group. The expression of alpha-SMA in fibroblasts were different in response to various TGF-beta 1 concentration, it was more effective at the concentration of 5 ng/ml. The expression of alpha-SMA in the fibroblasts from hypertrophic scars seemed to be more sensitive to TGF-beta 1 compared to that of the normal mature scars.

CONCLUSION: There are concentration-dependent in the expression of alpha-SMA induced by TGF-beta 1 in scar fibroblasts in vitro. The biological characteristics of the fibroblasts from hypertrophic scars and normal mature scars and their sensitivity to the inducement of TGF-beta 1 were different. The inducement of TGF-beta 1 may be depressed by extracellular matrix components and that may decrease the expression of alpha-SMA.

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