The effect of exercise modality on respiratory muscle performance in triathletes

A Boussana, S Matecki, O Galy, O Hue, M Ramonatxo, D Le Gallais
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2001, 33 (12): 2036-43

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the cycle-run and run-cycle successions of the triathlon and duathlon, respectively, on respiratory muscle strength and endurance.

METHODS: Respiratory muscle strength was assessed by measuring maximal inspiratory (P(Imax)) and expiratory (P(Emax)) pressures. Respiratory muscle endurance was assessed by measuring the time limit (T(lim)). Twelve triathletes participated in a three-trial protocol. The first trial consisted of an incremental cycle test to assess the maximal oxygen uptake (.VO(2max)) of triathletes. Trial 2 consisted of 20 min of cycling followed by 20 min of running (C-R), and trial 3 consisted of 20 min of running followed by 20 min of cycling (R-C). Trials 2 and 3 were performed at the same metabolic intensity (%.VO(2max)). P(Imax) and P(Emax) were measured before and 10 min after C-R and R-C, and 1 min after the post-C-R and post-R-C T(lim) measurements (P(Imax) 1'). T(lim) was measured 1 d before and 30 min after C-R and R-C.

RESULTS: The results showed a significant decrease in P(Imax) after C-R (126.7 +/- 4.3 cmH(2)O, P < 0.05) and R-C (123.7 +/- 4.9 cmH(2)O, P < 0.05) compared with the baseline values (130 +/- 3.8 and 129.6 +/- 4.3 cmH(2)O, respectively). P(Imax) 1' showed a significantly greater decrease after R-C versus C-R (111.2 +/- 5.5 cmH(2)O vs 121.2 +/- 3.9 cmH(2O), respectively, P < 0.001). Tlim after C-R (3.3 +/- 0.3 min) and R-C (2.1 +/- 0.3 min) decreased significantly compared with baseline values (4.19 +/- 0.3 min and 4.02 +/- 0.3 min, respectively). However, the Tlim decrease after R-C was significantly greater than after C-R (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: We concluded that respiratory muscle strength and endurance were less decreased after the cycle-run succession and that cycling induced a greater decrease in respiratory muscle endurance than running.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"