Impact of cardiac resynchronization therapy using hemodynamically optimized pacing on left ventricular remodeling in patients with congestive heart failure and ventricular conduction disturbances

C Stellbrink, O A Breithardt, A Franke, S Sack, P Bakker, A Auricchio, T Pochet, R Salo, A Kramer, J Spinelli
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2001, 38 (7): 1957-65

OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the impact of six months of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on echocardiographic variables of left ventricular (LV) function.

BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy has recently been introduced as a new therapeutic modality in patients with advanced heart failure (HF) and conduction abnormalities. However, most studies have only investigated the early hemodynamic effects of CRT.

METHODS: Twenty-five patients (12 women and 13 men; 59.8 +/- 5.1 years old) with advanced HF caused by ischemic (n = 7) or idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (n = 18) and a prolonged QRS complex were analyzed. All patients underwent early hemodynamic testing with a randomized testing protocol; echocardiographic measurements were compared before implantation and after six months of CRT.

RESULTS: Left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic diameters (LVEDD and LVESD, respectively) were significantly reduced after six months (LVEDD from 71 +/- 10 to 68 +/- 11 mm, p = 0.027; LVESD from 63 +/- 11 to 58 +/- 11 mm, p = 0.007), as were LV end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes (LVEDV from 253 +/- 83 to 227 +/- 112 ml, p = 0.017; LVESV from 202 +/- 79 to 174 +/- 101 ml, p = 0.009). Ejection fraction was significantly increased (from 22 +/- 7% to 26 +/- 9%, p = 0.03). "Nonresponders," with regard to LV volume reduction, had significantly higher baseline LVEDV, compared with "responders" (351 +/- 52 vs. 234 +/- 74 ml, p = 0.018). Overall, there was only mild mitral regurgitation at baseline, with a minor reduction by semiquantitative analysis. The results of early hemodynamic testing did not predict the volume response.

CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac resynchronization therapy may lead to a reduction in LV volumes in patients with advanced HF and conduction disturbances. Volume nonresponders have significantly higher baseline LVEDV.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"