Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Tricyclic antidepressants directly depress human myocardial mechanical function independent of effects on the conduction system.

OBJECTIVES: To measure the effect of tricyclic antidepressant drugs (TCAs) on human myocardial contractility.

METHODS: Human atrial tissue was obtained during cardiac bypass surgery. The tissue was harvested, suspended in a Tyrode buffer at 37 degrees C, and perfused with a 95%/5% oxygen-carbon dioxide mixture. Developed force was continuously measured using a force transducer and recorded by computer. After an equilibration period, escalating doses of amitriptyline or desipramine were added to the bath. All strips were exposed to the following five concentrations of each drug: 0 (control) 0.4, 4, 40, and 400 microM. The results for each experiment were expressed as the difference between the developed force measured prior to the addition of each concentration of drug and the developed force measured after a 30-minute exposure to the drug.

RESULTS: Desipramine decreased the developed force by 27%, 49%, and 74% at concentrations of 0.4, 40, and 400 microM, respectively. Amitriptyline decreased the developed force by 38% at the 40-microM concentration and by 89% at the 400-microM concentration. Untreated strips retained 94% of baseline developed force at 150 minutes.

CONCLUSIONS: Tricyclic antidepressants depress human myocardial function in a dose-dependent fashion independent of the effects on the cardiac conduction system. While previous work has demonstrated the effect of therapies for the reversal of impaired cardiac conduction following TCA poisoning, to the best of the authors' knowledge, no reports have documented the effects of therapy on direct myocardial depression. Additional therapies targeted at reversing the direct cardiodepressive effects of TCA may improve outcome following TCA poisoning.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app