Ease of ventilation through the cuffed oropharyngeal airway (COPA), the laryngeal mask airway and the face mask in a cardiopulmonary resuscitation training manikin

R Garcia-Guasch, M Ferrà, P Benito, J Oltra, J Roca
Resuscitation 2001, 50 (2): 173-7
The aim of this study was to compare ease of ventilation of a cardiopulmonary resuscitation manikin using a cuffed oropharyngeal airway (COPA), a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) and a face mask, by two groups of people with different levels of earlier experience in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Enrolled were, 108 people identified as experienced (54), or inexperienced (54), in CPR. Training equipment included a manikin, a COPA (n=10), an LMA (n=4), a face mask (n=4) and self-inflating bag-valve device. The same investigator explained the theoretical use and practice of the three techniques with the subjects in groups of three. The variables recorded were the number of attempts needed to achieve correct placement (and a tidal volume of 200 ml, was achieved), the insertion time for the COPA and the LMA, and the average time taken to achieve the first ten correct ventilations. The face mask and LMA required fewer attempts for correct placement than did the COPA. The LMA also took less time to insert than the COPA. The face mask required a significantly shorter total time with all attempts and the mean time of placement and time to achieve ten correct ventilations was shorter than with either the LMA or the COPA (P=0.0001). We conclude that the face mask offers an easier and quicker way to provide ventilation for CPR manikins than does the COPA or the LMA. Earlier experience affects the ease of insertion of the LMA and the total time needed to achieve effective ventilation.

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