Role of apoA-II in lipid metabolism and atherosclerosis: advances in the study of an enigmatic protein

F Blanco-Vaca, J C Escolà-Gil, J M Martín-Campos, J Julve
Journal of Lipid Research 2001, 42 (11): 1727-39
Our understanding of apolipoprotein A-II (apoA-II) physiology is much more limited than that of apoA-I. However, important and rather surprising advances have been produced, mainly through analysis of genetically modified mice. These results reveal a positive association of apoA-II with FFA and VLDL triglyceride plasma concentrations; however, whether this is due to increased VLDL synthesis or to decreased VLDL catabolism remains a matter of controversy. As apoA-II-deficient mice present a phenotype of insulin hypersensitivity, a function of apoA-II in regulating FFA metabolism seems likely. Studies of human beings have shown the apoA-II locus to be a determinant of FFA plasma levels, and several genome-wide searches of different populations with type 2 diabetes have found linkage to an apoA-II intragenic marker, making apoA-II an attractive candidate gene for this disease. The increased concentration of apoB-containing lipoproteins present in apoA-II transgenic mice explains, in part, why these animals present increased atherosclerosis susceptibility. In addition, apoA-II transgenic mice also present impairment of two major HDL antiatherogenic functions: reverse cholesterol transport and protection of LDL oxidative modification. The apoA-II locus has also been suggested as an important genetic determinant of HDL cholesterol concentration, even though there is a major species-specific difference between the effects of mouse and human apoA-II. As antagonizing apoA-I antiatherogenic actions can hardly be considered the apoA-II function in HDL, this remains a topic for future investigations. We suggest that the existence of apoA-II or apoA-I in HDL could be an important signal for specific interaction with HDL receptors such as cubilin or heat shock protein 60.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"