Anchoring of surface proteins to the cell wall of Staphylococcus aureus. Cysteine 184 and histidine 120 of sortase form a thiolate-imidazolium ion pair for catalysis

Hung Ton-That, Sarkis K Mazmanian, Lefa Alksne, Olaf Schneewind
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2002 March 1, 277 (9): 7447-52
Surface proteins of Staphylococcus aureus are anchored to the cell wall peptidoglycan by a mechanism requiring a C-terminal sorting signal with a LPXTG motif. Sortase cleaves polypeptides between the threonine and the glycine of the LPXTG motif. The carboxyl group of threonine is subsequently amide-linked to the amino group of peptidoglycan cross-bridges. The three-dimensional structure of sortase revealed the close proximity of the catalytic site residue cysteine 184 with histidine 120; however, no structural evidence for a thiolate-imidazolium ion pair could be detected. We report that alanine substitution of either cysteine 184 or histidine 120 abolishes in vivo and in vitro sorting reactions. Further, alanine substitution of tryptophan 194, a residue that is in close proximity of histidine 120, reduces the transpeptidase activity of sortase. These results suggest a model whereby sortase forms a thiolate-imidazolium ion pair for the catalysis of its transpeptidation reaction and that the position of tryptophan 194 assists in the formation of this ion pair.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"