JOURNAL ARTICLE

Clinical course and outcome of patients admitted to an ICU for status asthmaticus

B Afessa, I Morales, J D Cury
Chest 2001, 120 (5): 1616-21
11713143

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To describe the prognostic factors, clinical course, and outcome of patients with status asthmaticus treated in a medical ICU (MICU).

DESIGN: Analysis of prospective data.

SETTING: A multidisciplinary MICU of an inner-city university hospital.

PATIENTS: We collected data on 132 hospital admissions of 89 patients with status asthmaticus treated in our MICU from August 1995 through July 1998.

MEASUREMENTS: APACHE (acute physiology and chronic health evaluation) II scores were among the parameters measured.

RESULTS: Seventy-nine percent of the patients were female, and 67% were African American (mean +/- SD age, 42.4 +/- 15.1 years). Patients in 48 of the 132 hospital admissions (36%) required invasive mechanical ventilation; sepsis developed in patients during 17 hospital admissions (13%), nonpulmonary organ failure developed during 16 hospital admissions (12%), and ARDS developed during 2 hospital admissions (2%). Pneumothorax developed in four patients and required tube thoracostomy in all four patients. The median APACHE II score was 11. Predicted mortality and actual mortality were 6.7% and 8.3%, respectively. The two most common immediate causes of death were pneumothorax (n = 3) and nosocomial infection (n = 3). All the deaths occurred in female patients. Compared with survivors, nonsurvivors had higher APACHE II scores (median, 26 vs 15; p < 0.0001), PaCO(2) (63.8 +/- 21.3 mm Hg vs 47.8 +/- 19.1 mm Hg, p = 0.0101), and lower arterial pH (7.09 +/- 0.12 vs 7.27 +/- 0.12, p < 0.0001), respectively. Patients in 10 of 48 hospital admissions (21%) who required mechanical ventilation died.

CONCLUSIONS: The hospital mortality of patients admitted to an MICU for status asthmaticus is higher than expected. Higher APACHE II score and PaCO(2) and lower arterial pH within 24 h of hospital admission are associated with increased mortality. Sepsis and nonpulmonary organ failure are more likely to develop in nonsurvivors than survivors.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11713143
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"