Evaluation of angiogenesis in non-small cell lung cancer: comparison between anti-CD34 antibody and anti-CD105 antibody

F Tanaka, Y Otake, K Yanagihara, Y Kawano, R Miyahara, M Li, T Yamada, N Hanaoka, K Inui, H Wada
Clinical Cancer Research 2001, 7 (11): 3410-5

PURPOSE: Angiogenesis is an essential process in the progression of malignant tumors. Whereas pan-endothelial markers, such as CD34, are generally used in evaluation of angiogenesis, pan-endothelial antibodies react with not only "newly forming" vessels but also normal vessels just trapped within tumor tissues. It has been recently reported that anti-CD105 antibody preferentially reacts with "activated" endothelial cells in angiogenic tissues. Thus, the superiority of anti-CD105 monoclonal antibody (mAb) in evaluation of angiogenesis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was assessed.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A total of 236 patients with resected NSCLC were retrospectively reviewed. Intratumoral microvessel density (IMVD) was determined with an anti-CD34 mAb (CD34-IMVD) and with an anti-CD105 mAb (CD105-IMVD).

RESULTS: The mean CD34-IMVD and CD105-IMVD were 179.9 and 41.6, respectively. Whereas CD34-IMVD was significantly correlated with the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (P = 0.003), CD105-IMVD was more closely correlated with vascular endothelial growth factor expression (P < 0.001). The 5-year survival rate of the lower CD105-IMVD patients was 74.9%, significantly higher than that of the higher CD105-IMD patients (60.4%, P = 0.018). Whereas the 5-year survival rate of the lower CD34-IMVD patients seemed higher than that of the higher CD34-IMVD patients (63.7%), the difference did not reach a statistical significance (P = 0.137). Multivariate analysis confirmed that higher CD105-IMVD was a significant factor to predict poor prognosis (P = 0.029), whereas CD34-IMVD was not (P = 0.070).

CONCLUSIONS: Anti-CD105 mAb proved to be superior to anti-CD34 mAb in evaluation of angiogenesis in NSCLC.

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