JOURNAL ARTICLE

A fludarabine-based dose-reduced conditioning regimen followed by allogeneic stem cell transplantation from related or unrelated donors in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome

N Kröger, J Schetelig, T Zabelina, W Krüger, H Renges, N Stute, J Schrum, H Kabisch, W Siegert, A R Zander
Bone Marrow Transplantation 2001, 28 (7): 643-7
11704786
We investigated the feasibility and efficacy of a fludarabine-based dose-reduced conditioning regimen followed by stem cell transplantation from related (n = 5) or unrelated HLA-matched donors (n = 7) in 12 patients with high risk MDS, who were not eligible for a standard myeloablative conditioning regimen. The conditioning regimen consisted of fludarabine 30 mg/m(2) daily for 6 days, busulfan 4 mg/kg daily for 2 days and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG, rabbit) 10 mg/kg daily for 4 days in 11 patients, while one patient received fludarabine, ATG, cyclophosphamide and thiotepa. Graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis consisted of cyclosporine and a short course of methotrexate. The median age of the patients was 53 years (range 37-59). The median percentage of blasts in bone marrow aspirate at transplantation was 15% (range <5% to 35%). Diagnosis at transplant was RA (n = 1), RAEB (n = 5), RAEB-T (n = 5) and sAML (n = 1). A complex karyotype including monosomy 7 was noted in five patients. The reasons for using a dose-reduced conditioning regimen were prior autologous/syngeneic BMT (n = 4), active fungal infection (n = 2) or age/reduced performance status (n = 6). Engraftment was observed in all patients with complete donor chimerism. The incidence of acute GVHD (grade II-IV) was 33%. Eight patients died during follow-up due to relapse (n = 4), liver toxicity (n = 2), aspergillus (n = 1) or aGVHD grade IV (n = 1). After a median follow-up of 19 months, the 2-year estimated disease-free survival is 12% (95% CI: 2-23%) and the overall survival is 26% (95% CI: 4-52%). Fludarabine dose-reduced conditioning prior to allogeneic stem cell transplantation in high risk MDS patients, who were not eligible for standard transplantation, resulted in stable engraftment with complete chimerism, but the toxicity and relapse rate were considerable.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11704786
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"