Human leukocyte antigen class II allele frequencies and haplotype association in Iranian normal population

A Amirzargar, J Mytilineos, S Farjadian, M Doroudchi, S Scherer, G Opelz, A Ghaderi
Human Immunology 2001, 62 (11): 1234-8
The polymorphism of the HLA class II genes DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1 was investigated in 100 unrelated Iranian individuals from Fars province in Southern Iran, using the restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method. Subtyping of DRB1*04, *15, and *16 alleles was performed using PCR amplification with sequence specific primes (PCR-SSP). The allele and the haplotype frequencies were calculated. The most common DRB1 alleles were DRB1*11, DRB1*15, and DRB1*04 with a frequency of 25.0%, 14.5%, and 10.5%, respectively. In contrast, the allelic frequency of DRB1*12 and DRB1*08 was very low (1.5% for each). In the DR15 group DRB1*1501 was the most prevalent variant (6.0%). Concerning DR4, the most common alleles were DRB1*0405 and DRB1*0402 (3.5% for each). Interestingly, DRB1*0402 was associated with DQB1*0302 and DRB1*0405 was associated with DQB1*0302 and DQB1*02, the latter being a rare DRB1/DQB1 haplotype in Caucasian individuals. The most frequent DQB1 alleles were DQB1*0301 (31.0%), and DQB1*05 (22.0%). The most frequent DQA1 variants were DQA1*0501 (39.0%) and DQA1*0102 (14.5%). The most common haplotype was DRB1*11-DQB1*0301-DQA1*0501 (25.0%) followed by DRB1*0301-DQB1*02-DQA1*0501 (10%) and DRB1*0701- DQB1*02-DQA1*0201 (6.5%). Data presented in this study suggest that the Iranian population shares some HLA components with populations resident in eastern and southern European countries.

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