Effect of meropenem on disposition kinetics of valproate and its metabolites in rabbits

K Yokogawa, S Iwashita, A Kubota, Y Sasaki, J Ishizaki, M Kawahara, R Matsushita, K Kimura, F Ichimura, K Miyamoto
Pharmaceutical Research 2001, 18 (9): 1320-6

PURPOSE: We investigated the effect of meropenem (MEPM) on the disposition kinetics of valproate (VPA) and its metabolites in rabbits.

METHODS: Rabbits were given 75 mg/kg VPA intravenously with or without 300 mg/kg MEPM.

RESULTS: The plamsa total clearance of VPA was significantly increased to about 1.5 times the control (6.09 mL/min/kg vs. 4.28 mL/min/kg) by MEPM (P < 0.05). The values of the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of 2-en-VPA, a product of beta-oxidation, and VPA-glucuronide (VPA-G) were significantly decreased to about 55% and 78% of the control, respectively (P < 0.05). The cumulative urinary excretions of VPA in the control and MEPM-treated groups were 0.54% and 0.62% of the dose, respectively, whereas those of VPA-G were 45.6% and 62.5%, respectively. The urinary excretion of VPA-G was significantly increased by MEPM (P < 0.05). Further, in the case of 33.8 mg/kg VPA-G administered intravenously the AUC value of VPA-G was unchanged by MEPM, whereas that of the generated VPA was significantly decreased to about half of the control.

CONCLUSIONS: The increase of the total clearance of VPA caused by MEPM appears to be a consequence of increased renal clearance of VPA-G, as well as suppression of VPA-G hydrolysis in the liver.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"