JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effect of meropenem on disposition kinetics of valproate and its metabolites in rabbits

K Yokogawa, S Iwashita, A Kubota, Y Sasaki, J Ishizaki, M Kawahara, R Matsushita, K Kimura, F Ichimura, K Miyamoto
Pharmaceutical Research 2001, 18 (9): 1320-6
11683247

PURPOSE: We investigated the effect of meropenem (MEPM) on the disposition kinetics of valproate (VPA) and its metabolites in rabbits.

METHODS: Rabbits were given 75 mg/kg VPA intravenously with or without 300 mg/kg MEPM.

RESULTS: The plamsa total clearance of VPA was significantly increased to about 1.5 times the control (6.09 mL/min/kg vs. 4.28 mL/min/kg) by MEPM (P < 0.05). The values of the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of 2-en-VPA, a product of beta-oxidation, and VPA-glucuronide (VPA-G) were significantly decreased to about 55% and 78% of the control, respectively (P < 0.05). The cumulative urinary excretions of VPA in the control and MEPM-treated groups were 0.54% and 0.62% of the dose, respectively, whereas those of VPA-G were 45.6% and 62.5%, respectively. The urinary excretion of VPA-G was significantly increased by MEPM (P < 0.05). Further, in the case of 33.8 mg/kg VPA-G administered intravenously the AUC value of VPA-G was unchanged by MEPM, whereas that of the generated VPA was significantly decreased to about half of the control.

CONCLUSIONS: The increase of the total clearance of VPA caused by MEPM appears to be a consequence of increased renal clearance of VPA-G, as well as suppression of VPA-G hydrolysis in the liver.

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