JOURNAL ARTICLE

Germline BRCA1-2 mutations in non-Ashkenazi families with double primary breast and ovarian cancer

J O Schorge, N M Mahoney, D S Miller, R L Coleman, C Y Muller, D M Euhus, G E Tomlinson
Gynecologic Oncology 2001, 83 (2): 383-7
11606101

OBJECTIVE: Ashkenazi women with double primary breast and ovarian cancer have a high prevalence (57%) of germline Jewish founder mutations in the BRCA1 (185delAG, 5382insC) and BRCA2 (6174delT) genes. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and type of BRCA1-2 mutations in non-Ashkenazi families with at least one member having double primary breast and ovarian cancer.

METHODS: Women at increased risk for cancer based upon their family history were enrolled at the University of Texas Southwestern Familial Cancer Registry between 1992 and 2000. Blood samples from patients desiring genetic testing were sent for complete DNA sequencing of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. Families with a member having both breast and ovarian cancer were identified and clinical data were obtained.

RESULTS: Sixty-two (7%) of 900 enrolled families were non-Ashkenazi and had at least one member with double primary breast and ovarian cancer. Twenty-one families had members who underwent genetic testing; 41 did not. Thirteen (62%) families had a germline BRCA1 (n = 11) or BRCA2 (n = 2) mutation; only one Jewish founder mutation (185delAG) was detected. Eight (38%) families tested negative. Six (86%) of seven women undergoing genetic testing who themselves had double primary breast and ovarian cancer were BRCA1-2 mutation carriers.

CONCLUSIONS: Germline BRCA1-2 mutations are common in non-Ashkenazi families with a member having double primary breast and ovarian cancer. These mutations occurred throughout both genes, emphasizing the need for comprehensive sequencing. One family had the BRCA2 6985delCT mutation, which lies beyond the "ovarian cancer cluster" region.

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