Left ventricular mass regression after aortic valve replacement with CryoLife-O'Brien stentless aortic bioprosthesis

S Gelsomino, R Frassani, G Morocutti, L Porreca, V Tursi, G Masullo, R Lumini, U Livi
Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2001, 10 (5): 603-10

BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy has been shown adversely to affect LV function and late outcome after aortic valve replacement (AVR). The study aim was to assess the time course of LV mass regression (LVMR) after AVR with a CryoLife-O'Brien stentless bioprosthesis, and to identify factors affecting late reduction of myocardial hypertrophy.

METHODS: In total, 113 patients (60 males, 73 females; mean age 70.9+/-6.5 years) were studied by echocardiography preoperatively, at discharge, at six and 12 months postoperatively, and yearly thereafter. LV diameter and thickness were measured using M-mode echocardiography; LV mass was calculated using the Devereux formula and indexed by body surface area (BSA).

RESULTS: LV end-systolic diameter, end-diastolic diameter, septal thickness and wall thickness decreased significantly after surgery (p <0.001). LV mass index (LVMI) was reduced by 16.6, 13.6, 10.1, 3.1, 3.3, 1.7, 2.6, and 1.8% at discharge and at 6 months and 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 years, respectively. Most LVMR occurred within the first year, with further (not significant) reductions at later examinations. Male sex (p = 0.002), arterial blood pressure > or =150 mmHg (p <0.001), LV ejection fraction (LVEF) < or =35% (p = 0.01), NYHA functional class > or = III (p = 0.01), atrial fibrillation (p <0.001), mean transvalvular gradient > or =40 mmHg (p = 0.001), and prevalent aortic incompetence (p <0.001) were factors influencing LVMR, independently of baseline effective orifice area and prosthesis size.

CONCLUSION: AVR with the CryoLife-O'Brien stentless prosthesis resulted in significant LVMR. These findings encourage the use of this bioprosthesis in appropriate patients.

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