COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Lysostaphin is effective in treating methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus endophthalmitis in the rabbit

J J Dajcs, B A Thibodeaux, E B Hume, X Zheng, G D Sloop, R J O'Callaghan
Current Eye Research 2001, 22 (6): 451-7
11584345

PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of lysostaphin treatment of experimental endophthalmitis caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).

METHODS: In one experiment, rabbits were injected in the mid-vitreous with 50 or 200 CFU of S. aureus; untreated groups and groups injected intra-vitreally at 8 or 24 hours postinfection with vehicle or lysostaphin (0.1 mg/ml) were compared in terms of CFU/ml vitreous at 24 or 48 hours postinfection. Histopathology of untreated and treated eyes was also compared. To quantify the potency of lysostaphin, additional rabbits were injected with 50 CFU of S. aureus and untreated eyes and eyes treated at 8 hours with 0.001, 0.01 or 0.05 mg/ml were compared in terms of CFU/ml vitreous at 24 hours postinfection.

RESULTS: Vitreous of untreated eyes or vehicle-treated eyes injected with 50 or 200 CFU of S. aureus contained 5-10 million CFU/ml at 24 or 48 hours postinfection. All eyes treated with lysostaphin at 8 hours postinfection had less than 1 log CFU/ml in the vitreous (P >or= 0.0001). Similarly, eyes treated with lysostaphin at 24 hours postinfection had approximately 1 log of CFU/ml at 48 hours postinfection. None of the untreated eyes were sterile and 88% or 50% of the eyes treated at 8 or 24 hours postinfection, respectively, were sterile. Eyes treated with lysostaphin at 8, but not 24, hours postinfection had less pronounced pathologic changes than the untreated eyes (P = 0.002). A significant reduction in the CFU/ml vitreous at 24 hours postinfection was obtained by treating infected eyes at 8 hours postinfection with lysostaphin at concentrations of >or=0.001 mg/ml (P <or= 0.0034).

CONCLUSIONS: Lysostaphin is effective in treating experimental endophthalmitis mediated by MRSA.

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