Hepato-splanchnic metabolic effects of the stable prostacyclin analogue iloprost in patients with septic shock

P Kiefer, I Tugtekin, H Wiedeck, H Bracht, J Vogt, U Wachter, M Weiss, C Altin, M Georgieff, P Radermacher
Intensive Care Medicine 2001, 27 (7): 1179-86

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of the stable prostacyclin analogue iloprost on hepato-splanchnic blood flow, oxygen exchange and metabolism in patients with septic shock.

DESIGN: Prospective clinical study.

SETTING: Intensive care unit in a university clinic.

PATIENTS: Eleven patients with septic shock requiring norepinephrine to maintain mean arterial pressure above 70 mmHg.

INTERVENTIONS: Iloprost was incrementally infused to increase cardiac index by 15%.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Splanchnic blood flow (Qspl) was measured using the steady-state indocyanine-green infusion technique and endogenous glucose production rate (EGP) using a stable isotope approach. Systemic and splanchnic oxygen consumption (VO2), the hepato-splanchnic uptake rates of the glucose precursors lactate, pyruvate, alanine and glutamine, the hepatic venous redox state and gastric mucosal-arterial PCO2 gradients were determined. After a baseline measurement, iloprost infusion was started. After 90 min all measurements were repeated and a third measurement was obtained after another 90 min following iloprost withdrawal. Qspl (baseline I: 0.82/0.75-1.08 l x min x m2; iloprost: 0.94/0.88-1.29 l x min x m2; baseline II: 0.87/0.74-1.09 l x min x m2) and splanchnic oxygen delivery (baseline I: 122/103-166 ml x min x m2; iloprost: 134/117-203 ml x min x m2; baseline II: 130/98-158 ml x min x m2) significantly increased. While systemic VO2 significantly increased (baseline I: 139/131-142 ml x min x m2; iloprost: 147/136-164 ml x min x m2; baseline II: 143/133-154 ml x min x m2) splanchnic VO2 increased in 9 of 11 patients which, however, did not reach statistical significance. EGP significantly decreased (baseline I: 23/16-26 micromol x kg x min; iloprost: 16/14-21 micromol x kg x min; baseline II: 18/12-20 micromol x kg x min), whereas all other parameters of energy metabolism remained unchanged.

CONCLUSION: In patients with septic shock an iloprost-induced increase in cardiac index increased splanchnic blood flow and shifted oxygen utilization from the energy requiring de novo glucose production rate to other oxygen-demanding metabolic pathways.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"