Oxidative stress and male IGF-1, gonadotropin and related hormones in diabetic patients

M A Abou-Seif, A A Youssef
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM 2001, 39 (7): 618-23
Elevation of glucose concentration in diabetes may induce generation of oxygen free radicals such as superoxide (O2*-) and hydroxyl (*OH). The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of the oxidative stress on the activities of blood superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), glutathione reductase (GSSG-R) and aldose reductase, the levels of reduced glutathione (GSH), lipid peroxidation (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances; TBARS) and plasma levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone in type 2 (non-insulin-dependent diabetes) patients and in healthy controls. Blood SOD, CAT, GSH-Px and GSSG-R were lower in type 2 diabetic patients compared with the the control group. Blood aldose reductase activity was elevated in patients with type 2 diabetes compared with the control group. GSH was decreased while TBARS concentration was increased in red blood cells (RBC) and leukocytes from the patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in comparison to the control group. The mean values of plasma LH, FSH and testosterone were decreased, whereas the mean plasma IGF-1 concentration was increased in type 2 diabetes compared with controls. These findings support the hypothesis that hyperglycemia enhances the activity of the polyol pathway and impairs the antioxidant status, particularly glutathione redox cycle, resulting in poorer defense against oxidative stress. In addition, decreased circulating testosterone and gonadotropin levels may reflect the oxidative stress exerted by diabetes.

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