COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Adaptive pressure support servo-ventilation: a novel treatment for Cheyne-Stokes respiration in heart failure

H Teschler, J Döhring, Y M Wang, M Berthon-Jones
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2001 August 15, 164 (4): 614-9
11520725
Adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) is a novel method of ventilatory support designed for Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) in heart failure. The aim of our study was to compare the effect of one night of ASV on sleep and breathing with the effect of other treatments. Fourteen subjects with stable cardiac failure and receiving optimal medical treatment were tested untreated and on four treatment nights in random order: nasal oxygen (2 L/min), continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) (mean 9.25 cm H(2)O), bilevel (mean 13.5/5.2 cm H(2)O), or ASV largely at the default settings (mean pressure 7 to 9 cm H(2)O) during polysomnography. Thermistor apnea + hypopnea index (AHI) declined from 44.5 +/- 3.4/h (SEM) untreated to 28.2 +/- 3.4/h oxygen and 26.8 +/- 4.6/h CPAP (both p < 0.001 versus control), 14.8 +/- 2.3/h bilevel, and 6.3 +/- 0.9/h ASV (p < 0.001 versus bilevel). Effort band AHI behaved similarly. Arousal index decreased from 65.1 +/- 3.9/h untreated to 29.8 +/- 2.8/h oxygen and 29.9 +/- 3.2/h CPAP, to 16.0 +/- 1.3/h bilevel and 14.7 +/- 1.8/h ASV (p < 0.01 versus all except bilevel). There were large increases in slow-wave and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep with ASV but not with oxygen or CPAP. All subjects preferred ASV to CPAP. One night ASV suppresses central sleep apnea and/or CSR (CSA/CSR) in heart failure and improves sleep quality better than CPAP or 2 L/min oxygen.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11520725
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"