JOURNAL ARTICLE

Adequacy and nutrition in the absence of residual renal function in peritoneal dialysis

R Canale, R J Barone, N S Gimenez, M Santopietro, L Ramirez, A Palliotti, P Romero, D Amado
Advances in Peritoneal Dialysis 2001, 17: 230-4
11510282
With the aim of evaluating nutrition indices and dialysis adequacy level in patients who started peritoneal dialysis (PD) without residual renal function, we retrospectively studied 19 patients [8 men, 11 women; 3 with diabetes (15.8%); mean age: 44.5 +/- 10.74 years; 15 on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), 3 on continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD), 1 on nightly intermittent peritoneal dialysis (NIPD)]. The mean time spent by these patients on hemodialysis before PD was 62.7 +/- 54.7 months (range: 8.8-216 months), and the mean time on PD was 46.2 +/- 21.4 months (range: 10-75 months). In these patients, we measured weekly Kt/V urea, weekly creatinine clearance (CrC), normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR), body surface area (BSA), urea distribution volume (V), serum albumin, body mass index (BMI), percent lean body mass (%LBM), infusion volume (liters per day), subjective global assessment (SGA), and peritoneal equilibration test (PET). Using the Student t-test at a significance level of p < 0.05, we compared initial body weight (INW), actual weight (AW), and ideal body weight (IBW) according to age, sex, and height. We analyzed actuarial and technique survival (Kaplan-Meier). In regard to patient survival, only death was considered the end point; for technique survival, only technique failure was considered the end point. Data are expressed as mean +/- standard deviation. Results were: Kt/V, 2.20 +/- 0.46 L weekly; CrC, 59.11 +/- 12 L weekly; nPCR, 1.08 +/- 0.25 g/kg daily; BSA, 1.67 +/- 0.2 m2; V, 33.34 +/- 7.12; serum albumin, 3.68 +/- 0.22 g/dL; BMI, 24.06 +/- 4.16; %LBM, 64.92 +/- 10.13; SGA, 94.7% well-nourished; AW, 65.37 +/- 13.88 kg; IBW, 67.21 +/- 10.5 kg (AW vs IBW: r = 0.69, p > 0.05); INW, 61.54 +/- 11.07 kg (INW vs AW: r = 0.92, p < 0.05; INW vs IBW: r = 0.71, p < 0.05). Distribution of transport status by PET was 15.8% high transport, 36.8% high-average transport, 36.8% low-average transport, and 10.5% low transport. Mean infusion volume was 10.41 +/- 1.36 L in 24 hours. Cumulative survival was 100%, 98%, and 82% after 1, 2, and 6 years respectively. Technique survival was 100% after 6 years. The adequacy results accord with Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative (DOQI) recommendations, and the nutrition indices and actuarial and technique survival are satisfactory for anuric patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11510282
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"