The role of cellulose acetate as a matrix for aggregation of pseudoisocyanine iodide: absorption and emission studies

R Brito de Barros, L M Ilharco
Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 2001, 57 (9): 1809-17
Films of pseudoisocyanine iodide in a cellulose acetate matrix were prepared by spin coating and characterized by UV/Vis absorption and fluorescence spectroscopies. The comparison with self-supported films of the same dye enabled analysing the role of the matrix in the aggregation of pseudoisocyanine iodide ([PIC]I). It was proved that cellulose acetate is a suitable support for [PIC]I J-aggregates, which form during spinning, as shown by a very sharp J-band in the absorption spectra. This indicates a perfect coherence between stacked monomers in the supported J-aggregates. It was possible to individualize the emission spectrum of [PIC]I J-aggregates in cellulose acetate, by decomposition of the steady-state fluorescence spectra of the films. The dependence on the excitation wavelength of the relative emission intensities of monomers and J-aggregates, for lambda(em) = 587 nm, lead to confirm that the latter species have an absorption maximum at approximately 500 nm in cellulose acetate. Finally, polarised absorption spectra of films obtained by the vertical spin coating technique showed that cellulose acetate allows a partial orientation of J-aggregates.

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