Randomized clinical trial of stapled versus Milligan-Morgan haemorrhoidectomy

R Shalaby, A Desoky
British Journal of Surgery 2001, 88 (8): 1049-53

BACKGROUND: The introduction of a stapling technique for the treatment of haemorrhoids has the potential for less postoperative pain, a short operating time and an early return to full activity. The outcome of stapled haemorrhoidectomy was compared with that of current standard surgery in a randomized controlled study.

METHODS: Two hundred patients were randomized to either stapled haemorrhoidectomy (n = 100) or Milligan-Morgan haemorrhoidectomy (n = 100) between March 1997 and December 1998. Each patient received standardized postoperative analgesic and laxative regimens, and completed a linear analogue pain score every 6 h during the first day after operation, after the first motion and daily until the end of the first week. Operating time, frequency of postoperative analgesic intake, hospital stay, time to return to normal activity and postoperative complications were also recorded.

RESULTS: The mean(s.d.) age of patients in the stapled and surgical groups was 44.1(3.2) and 49.1(12.2) years respectively. The stapled group had a shorter operating time, less frequent postoperative analgesia intake, shorter hospital stay and earlier return to normal activity. Early and late complications, and functional outcome were better in the stapled group.

CONCLUSION: Use of a circular stapler in the treatment of haemorrhoidal disease was safe, and was associated with fewer complications than conventional haemorrhoidectomy.

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