JOURNAL ARTICLE

A preoperative index of mortality for patients undergoing surgery of type A aortic dissection

R Spirito, G Pompilio, F Alamanni, M Agrifoglio, L Dainese, A Parolari, M Reali, F Grillo, M Fusari, P Biglioli
Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2001, 42 (4): 517-24
11455290

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify and stratify the most important preoperative factors for in-hospital death after surgery for type A aortic dissection.

METHODS: From January 1985 to June 1998, 108 patients underwent surgery for type A aortic dissection. 89.9% of the patients had an acute type A dissection (AD), whereas 11.1% had a chronic dissection (CD). Cardiac tamponade and shock occurred in 22% and 14.8% of the patients, respectively. The location of the primary intimal tear was in the ascending aorta in 71.2% of the cases, in the arch in 16.6% and in the descending aorta in 7.4%. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify non-embolic variables independently correlated to in-hospital death. A predictive model of in-hospital mortality was then constructed by means of a mathematical method with the variables selected from logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS: The overall in-hospital mortality rate was 20.3% (22/108 patients), being 9% for CD and 21.6% for AD. Emergent procedures had an in-hospital mortality rate of 47.6%, whereas non-emergent operations had an in-hospital mortality rate of 13.7% (p<0.01). Univariate analysis revealed among 39 preoperative and operative variables, age (years), age >70 years, remote myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular dysfunction, diabetes, preoperative renal failure, shock, cardiopulmonary bypass time (minutes), emergency operation as factors associated to in-hospital death (p<0.05). Stepwise logistic regression analysis selected as independent predicting variables (p<0.05), remote myocardial infarction (p=0.006), preoperative renal failure (p=0.032), shock (p=0.001), age >70 years (p=0.007). Finally, a probability table of death risk was obtained with the logistic regression coefficients. The lower death probability (10.6%) was calculated in absence of risk variables; the higher one in presence of all of them (79.7%). Between these extremes, a total of 64 combinations of death risk were obtained.

CONCLUSIONS: Increasing age, shock, coronary artery disease and renal failure are variously associated to a high risk of in-hospital death after surgical correction of type A aortic dissection. This predictive model of death probability allows to collocate preoperatively patients with type A aortic dissection at different levels of risk for in-hospital death.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11455290
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"