[A trial for the complex risk assessment of repeated suicide predictors in patients after suicidal poisoning attempts, hospitalized in the Department of Clinical Toxicology CM UJ in Krakow. II. Clinical predictors]

J Pach, A Polewka, A Zieba, S Kroch, J Chrostek Maj, M Mikołaszek-Boba, W Datka, W Rachel
Przegla̧d Lekarski 2001, 58 (4): 330-4
The study included 180 patients aged 18-79 (average 36) hospitalized for suicide attempts (drug intoxi-cations) in the Department of Clinical Toxicology CM UJ from March to December 2000. Examined group was composed of 49 men and 131 women. The following tests were used in this study: structured questionnaire, psychological tests: Beck Depression Inventory, Hamilton Depression Scale, Hopelessness Scale, Suicidal Intent Scale, Life Events Scale, SOC 29 (by Antonovsky). Besides, we used data from patients' history. The aim of our study is to analyse clinical data of suicidal attempters--after first and repeated suicidal attempts. We took into consideration the severity of coma, severity of intoxication, the kind of substances used in the attempt, the presence of alcohol, previous psychiatric treatment, cases of suicide among the patients' close friends or relatives and duration of hospitalization. Then the psychiatric diagnosis was stated. The analysis of severity of intoxication (divided into three stages: severe, moderate, and light according to the Poisoning Severity Score (PSS) indicated that in the group of repeated suicide attempters the percentage of severe intoxications was greater (9.2%) then in first time attempters. In the population of second time female attempters there is a greater percentage of persons who took neuroleptics (15.4%) compared to group first attempters (5.4%). In both groups the majority were taking anxiolytisc, sleep-inducing and mixed drugs. There was a greater percentage of persons drinking alcohol during the attempt among repeated suicidal attempters (38.8%) than among the first time attempters (26%). The percentage of persons with diagnosis of mental disease (treated in ambulatory or in hospital) is higher in the group of repeated suicide attempters (25.9%) then after first attempters (6.3%). In both groups a lot of persons had reactive depression, often associated with personality disorders, rarely endogenic depressions or psychosis. We observed that addiction to alcohol is often a problem in men who attempt suicide (I group--32.3%, II group--33.3%). The analysis of medical documentation indicated in the group of repeated suicide attempters a high percentage of people with cases of suicide among their close friends or relatives.

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