JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

Practical approach to determining costs and frequency of adverse drug events in a health care network

B L Senst, L E Achusim, R P Genest, L A Cosentino, C C Ford, J A Little, S J Raybon, D W Bates
American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP 2001 June 15, 58 (12): 1126-32
11449856
The frequency, preventability, severity, root causes, and projected costs of adverse drug events (ADEs) occurring after or causing admission to a four-hospital integrated academic health network were studied. The sample included all admissions during a 53-day study period. Events were identified through daily record review of a random patient sample, computerized flags, and self-reporting. A case review committee validated the occurrence, classification, and root causes of the events. Additional length of stay and costs associated with ADEs were analyzed by using a case-control, multiple linear regression model. The estimated ADE rate during hospitalization was 4.2 events per 100 admissions, with a cost of $2162 per ADE. In addition, 3.2% of admissions were caused by ADEs, with an associated cost of $6685 per event. Fifteen percent of hospital ADEs and 76% of ADEs causing admission were judged preventable. The annual cost to the organization for events occurring during hospitalization was $1.7 million, and the cost of preventable ADEs was $260,000, while the projected costs of preventable ADEs causing admission were $3.8 million. The rate of admissions to the mental health center caused by ADEs was higher than for other settings at 13.6%, with a cost of preventable ADEs of $1.3 million. Patient noncompliance was judged to be the cause of the 69% of the ADEs causing admission. Seventy-one percent of the serious medication errors occurred at the prescribing stage of the medication-use process. ADEs were frequent, costly, and often preventable and resulted in many admissions to a mental health center.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11449856
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"