Processing speed in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, inattentive type

M D Weiler, J H Bernstein, D C Bellinger, D P Waber
Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence 2000, 6 (3): 218-34
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is among the most common and most often reconceptualized neurobehavioral disorders of childhood. In the most recent DSM-IV, a primarily inattentive subtype of ADHD (AD) has again been identified. This study explores the neuropsychological profile of this group of children. Eighty-two children referred for school-related problems participated. Twenty-five met criteria for AD; 52 met criteria for reading disability (RD); 9 were comorbid for RD and AD. AD children performed poorly on measures of information processing speed. Children with comorbid AD/RD were distinguishable from those with RD on speed of processing measures only. Vulnerability to information processing load may be at the root of many of the behavioral manifestations of AD.

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