Current management and novel therapeutic strategies for refractory ascites and hepatorenal syndrome

H Suzuki, A J Stanley
QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians 2001, 94 (6): 293-300
The circulatory disturbances seen in advanced cirrhosis lead to the development of ascites, which can become refractory to diet and medical therapy. These abnormalities may progress and cause a functional renal failure known as the hepatorenal syndrome. Management of refractory ascites and hepatorenal syndrome is a therapeutic challenge, and if appropriate, liver transplantation remains the best treatment. New therapeutic options have recently appeared, including the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt and selective splanchnic vasoconstrictor agents, which may improve renal function and act as a bridge to transplantation.

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