Photocatalytic degradation of azo dye in TiO2 suspended solution

C H Hung, P C Chiang, C Yuan, C Y Chou
Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research 2001, 43 (2): 313-20
The photocatalysis of azo dye, Orange G, by P-25 anatase TiO2 was investigated in this research. The experiments were conducted in a batch reactor with TiO2 powder suspension. Four near-UV lamps were used as the light source. The experimental variables included solution pH level, amount of TiO2, illumination light intensity, and reaction time. A pseudo-first order reaction kinetic was proposed to simulate the photocatalytic degradation of Orange G in the batch reactor. More than 80% of 10 mg/L Orange G decomposition in 60-minute reaction time was observed in this study and fast decomposition of Orange G only occurred in the presence of both TiO2 and suitable light energy. Faster degradation of Orange G was achieved under acid conditions. The degradation rates of Orange G at pH = 3.0 were about two times faster than those at pH = 7.0. Faster degradation of azo dye was observed for greater irradiated light intensity and more TiO2 present during the reaction. The reaction rates were proportional to TiO2 concentration and light intensity with the power order of 0.726 and 0.734, respectively.

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