Clinical activity of trastuzumab and vinorelbine in women with HER2-overexpressing metastatic breast cancer

H J Burstein, I Kuter, S M Campos, R S Gelman, L Tribou, L M Parker, J Manola, J Younger, U Matulonis, C A Bunnell, A H Partridge, P G Richardson, K Clarke, L N Shulman, E P Winer
Journal of Clinical Oncology 2001 May 15, 19 (10): 2722-30

PURPOSE: To determine the response rate and toxicity profile of trastuzumab administered concurrently with weekly vinorelbine in women with HER2-overexpressing advanced breast cancer.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty women with HER2-positive (+3 by immunohistochemistry, n = 30; +2 or positive, n = 10) breast cancer were enrolled onto a study of trastuzumab (4 mg/kg x 1, 2 mg/kg weekly thereafter) and vinorelbine (25 mg/m2 weekly, with dose adjusted each week for neutrophil count). Eighty-two percent of women had received prior chemotherapy as part of adjuvant (30%), metastatic (25%), or both (28%) treatment, including substantial portions of patients who had previously received either anthracyclines (20%), taxanes (15%), or both types (38%) of chemotherapy.

RESULTS: Responses were observed in 30 of 40 patients (overall response rate, 75%, conditional corrected 95% confidence interval, 57% to 89%). The response rate was 84% in patients treated with trastuzumab and vinorelbine as first-line therapy for metastatic disease, and 80% among HER2 +3 positive patients. High response rates were also seen in women treated with second- or third-line therapy, and among patients previously treated with anthracyclines and/or taxanes. Combination therapy was feasible; patients received concurrent trastuzumab and vinorelbine in 93% of treatment weeks. Neutropenia was the only grade 4 toxicity. No patients had symptomatic heart failure. Grade 2 cardiac toxicity was observed in three patients. Prior cumulative doxorubicin dose in excess of 240 mg/m2 and borderline pre-existing cardiac function were associated with grade 2 cardiac toxicity.

CONCLUSION: Trastuzumab in combination with vinorelbine is highly active in women with HER2-overexpressing advanced breast cancer and is well tolerated.

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