End-tidal carbon dioxide monitoring in the prehospital setting

M S Bhende, D C LaCovey
Prehospital Emergency Care 2001, 5 (2): 208-13
End-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) monitoring is an exciting technology and has the potential to become a very useful tool in the prehospital setting. It can be useful in verifying endotracheal tube position and during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the field. Recent reports of misplaced endotracheal tubes in the prehospital setting make it important to ensure that paramedics learn correct techniques of endotracheal intubation, and that they verify tube placement with an ETCO2 monitor. The new American Heart Association guidelines require secondary confirmation of proper tube placement in all patients by exhaled CO2 immediately after intubation and during transport. This article covers the terminology, the basic physiology, the technology (both colorimetric detectors and infrared capnometers), and the clinical applications of ETCO2 monitoring with special reference to the pediatric patient.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"