The 4P-syndrome. Case description and literature review

P Moretti, M Ferrari, S Di Battista, C Di Battista
Minerva Pediatrica 2001, 53 (1): 23-8
The microdeletion 4p16 has been found in two rare syndromes. Until now they were considered as two different syndromes: the Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) and the Pitt-Rogers-Danks (PRDS) syndrome characterized by a growth retardation before and after birth, microcrania, seizures, characteristic face with thin mouth, maxillary hypoplasia, short and large philtrum, characteristic nose and mental retardation. A case with 4p-16 microdeletion with phenotype characteristics similar to PRDS is reported. The patients described as PRDS are sometimes less seriously affected than patients with WHS. In fact, cases of death are not indicated in the first year of life, internal malformations are less frequent and the face lacks the typical Greek warrior helmet Recent studies have shown that WSS and PRDS are due to the absence of similar if not identical genetic segments and the clinical differences observed could be the outcome of an allele variation on the remaining homologous part.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"