DNA double-strand breaks associated with replication forks are predominantly repaired by homologous recombination involving an exchange mechanism in mammalian cells

C Arnaudeau, C Lundin, T Helleday
Journal of Molecular Biology 2001 April 13, 307 (5): 1235-45
DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) represent a major disruption in the integrity of the genome. DSB can be generated when a replication fork encounters a DNA lesion. Recombinational repair is known to resolve such replication fork-associated DSB, but the molecular mechanism of this repair process is poorly understood in mammalian cells. In the present study, we investigated the molecular mechanism by which recombination resolves camptothecin (CPT)-induced DSB at DNA replication forks. The frequency of homologous recombination (HR) was measured using V79/SPD8 cells which contain a duplication in the endogenous hprt gene that is resolved by HR. We demonstrate that DSB associated with replication forks induce HR at the hprt gene in early S phase. Further analysis revealed that these HR events involve an exchange mechanism. Both the irs1SF and V3-3 cell lines, which are deficient in HR and non-homologous end joining (NHEJ), respectively, were found to be more sensitive than wild-type cells to DSB associated with replication forks. The irs1SF cell line was more sensitive in this respect than V3-3 cells, an observation consistent with the hypothesis that DSB associated with replication forks are repaired primarily by HR. The frequency of formation of DSB associated with replication forks was not affected in HR and NHEJ deficient cells, indicating that the loss of repair, rather than the formation of DSB associated with replication forks is responsible for the increased sensitivity of the mutant strains. We propose that the presence of DSB associated with replication forks rapidly induces HR via an exchange mechanism and that HR plays a more prominent role in the repair of such DSB than does NHEJ.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"