Feeding after fourth ventricular administration of neuropeptide Y receptor agonists in rats

E S Corp, J McQuade, S Krasnicki, D B Conze
Peptides 2001, 22 (3): 493-9
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and peptide YY (PYY) stimulate food intake after injection into the fourth cerebral ventricle, suggesting that NPY receptors in the hindbrain are targets for the stimulatory effect of these peptides on food intake. However, the NPY/PYY receptor subtype mediating the feeding response in the hindbrain is not known. To approach to this question we compared dose-effect of several NPY receptor agonists to stimulate food intake in freely-feeding rats 60- and 120-min after injection into the fourth cerebral ventricle. At the 120-min time point, PYY was 2- to 10-times as potent as NPY over the dose-response range and stimulated twice the total intake at the maximally effective dose (2-fold greater efficacy). NPY was 2-times as potent as the Y1, Y5 receptor agonist, [Leu(31)Pro(34)]NPY but acted with comparable efficacy. The Y5-, Y2-differentiating receptor agonist, NPY 2-36, was comparable in potency to PYY at low doses but equal in efficacy NPY and [Leu(31)Pro(34)]NPY. The Y2 receptor agonist, NPY 13-36, produced only a marginal effect on total food intake. The profile of agonist potency after fourth cerebral ventricle administration is similar to the profile obtained when these or related agonists are injected in the region of the hypothalamus. Agonists at both Y1 and Y5 receptors stimulated food intake with a rank order of potency that does not conclusively favor the exclusive involvement of a single known NPY receptor subtype. Thus it is possible that the ingestive effects of NPY and PYY are mediated by multiple or novel receptor subtypes in the hindbrain. And the relatively greater potency and efficacy of PYY raises the possibility that a novel PYY-preferring receptor in the hindbrain is involved in the stimulation of food intake.

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