[Evaluation of a structured education program for adult outpatient asthmatics]

C Münks-Lederer, Y Dhein, B Richter, H Worth
Pneumologie 2001, 55 (2): 84-90

BACKGROUND AND METHODS: The efficacy of a structured education programme (AFAS) unter outpatient conditions was evaluated in a pilot study including 25 mild to severely ill adult asthmatics (age 41 +/- 2 yrs.) over a period of two and a half years. The main teaching items of the programme are: self-control of the disease with regular peak flow measurements, monitoring of symptoms with a patient diary, effects and side effects of the treatment, correct inhalation technique of asthma medication and the ability of self-management with regard to the actual degree of airflow limitation by the patients.

RESULTS: After AFAS the knowledge of the patients regarding the disease as well as the medication increased significantly. There was an improvement of drug therapy: before AFAS only 52% of the patients used inhaled steroids on a regular basis with regard to 96% one and two years after participation of AFAS (p < 0.01). The self-control of the disease was improved: before AFAS no patient measured peak flow during acute dyspnoea, compared with 88% (p < 0.001) and 75% (p < 0.001) one and two years after AFAS, respectively. The number of severe asthma-attacks decreased significantly from 10.7 +/- 2.5 per patient and year before education to 1.3 +/- 0.2 (p < 0.001) after the first year and to 2.0 +/- 0.3 (p < 0.05) after the second year. The total number of hospital days due to asthma decreased from 219 days in the year before the participation in AFAS to zero (p < 0.001) in the first year after the education and to 17 days (p < 0.001) after the second year.

CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of patient education with AFAS is still evident two years after the course, but a reduction of self-control of the disease was observed during the follow-up period. In conclusion, structured education programmes for adult asthmatics can be effective even under outpatient conditions.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"