RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Randomized comparison of cefepime versus ceftazidime monotherapy for fever and neutropenia in children with solid tumors.

BACKGROUND: With the availability of new broad-spectrum antibiotics, initial therapy with a single agent has become an alternative to classic combinations, especially beta-lactam antibiotics plus aminoglycosides, in the management of febrile neutropenic cancer patients.

PROCEDURE: Since January 1994, monotherapy has been used for empiric initial treatment at our center. The aim of this prospective randomized study is to compare the efficacy of cefepime (CFP), a new fourth-generation cephalosporin, and ceftazidime (CFZ) as empirical monotherapy of febrile neutropenic patients with solid tumors. From January 1998 to November 1998, 63 episodes of fever and neutropenia occurring in 33 children with solid tumors including lymphomas, were randomized to receive treatment with either CFP or CFZ. The patients were analyzed for leukocyte count and absolute neutrophil count (ANC) at entry, days in fever, neutropenia and hospitalization, and side effects of drugs. Success with or without modifications of the initial antibiotic was defined as survival through neutropenia; failure was death due to infection.

RESULTS: In our study group, with a median age of 7 [(1/12)-14] years, CFP was administered in 32, and CFZ in 31 episodes. An infection was documented microbiologically in eight episodes (25%) in the CFP arm and in nine episodes (29%) in the CFZ arm. The success rate with initial empiric monotherapy was 62.5% in the CFP arm and 61.3% in the CFZ arm respectively (P > 0.05). The total success rate (success with or without modification) was 100% in both arms. No major adverse effects were observed in either groups.

CONCLUSION: CFP is as effective and safe as CFZ for the empirical treatment of febrile episodes in neutropenic patients with solid tumors.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app