Comparative Study
Journal Article
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Seborrhoeic dermatitis and Pityrosporum (Malassezia) folliculitis: characterization of inflammatory cells and mediators in the skin by immunohistochemistry.

BACKGROUND: The fact that Pityrosporum ovale plays a part in seborrhoeic dermatitis is well established but the mechanism of this relationship has not been established.

OBJECTIVES: To compare the number and type of inflammatory cells and mediators in skin biopsies from normal and lesional skin from the trunk and scalp in patients with seborrhoeic dermatitis, Pityrosporum (Malassezia) folliculitis and in normal skin from healthy controls.

METHODS: The skin biopsies were stained using the labelled Streptavidin-biotin

METHOD: The following markers were studied: CD4, CD8, CD68, HLA-DR, NK1, CD16, C1q, C3c, IgG, CD54 (ICAM-1), interleukin (IL) -1alpha, IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, tumour necrosis factor-alpha and interferon-gamma.

RESULTS: HLA-DR+ cells were seen in the highest number, and were higher in lesional skin compared with normal skin from both patients and healthy volunteers. ICAM-1 expression was also increased in lesional skin. C1q and the interleukins showed an increased cellular and intercellular staining in patients compared with healthy controls and the intercellular staining was often more intense in lesions compared with non-lesional skin. Staining was often more intense when Malassezia (Pityrosporum ovale) yeast cells were present.

CONCLUSIONS: An increase in NK1+ and CD16+ cells in combination with complement activation indicates that an irritant non-immunogenic stimulation of the immune system is important. The result with the interleukins showed both an increase in the production of inflammatory interleukins as well as in the regulatory interleukins for both TH1 and TH2 cells. Similarities to the immune response described for Candida albicans infections indicate the role of Malassezia in the skin response in seborrhoeic dermatitis and Pityrosporum folliculitis.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app