COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Comparison between MR imaging and 99mTc MIBI scintigraphy in the evaluation of recurrent of persistent hyperparathyroidism

M B Gotway, G P Reddy, W R Webb, E T Morita, O H Clark, C B Higgins
Radiology 2001, 218 (3): 783-90
11230657

PURPOSE: To compare the sensitivity and positive predictive value of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and technetium 99m 2-methoxyisobutyl-isonitrile (MIBI) scintigraphy for the detection of hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue when used alone and in combination in a large patient population with recurrent or persistent hyperparathyroidism (HPT).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 98 consecutive patients with biochemically proved recurrent or persistent HPT after surgery, MR imaging and 99mTc MIBI study findings were retrospectively reviewed and compared with surgical and histopathologic findings. The sensitivity and positive predictive value of MR imaging and 99mTc MIBI scintigraphy were compared with each other and in combination.

RESULTS: In these patients, 130 abnormal parathyroid glands were identified at surgery. The sensitivity and positive predictive value of MR imaging were 82% (95% CI: 75%, 89%) and 89%, respectively; those for (99m)Tc MIBI scintigraphy were 85% (95% CI: 79%, 91%) and 89%. No significant difference was found between MR imaging and 99mTc MIBI scintigraphy for sensitivity (P =.7). The sensitivity and positive predictive value for the detection of abnormal parathyroid tissue on a per-gland basis increased to 94% (95% CI: 90%, 98%) and 98%, respectively, when only one of the two tests was required to be positive.

CONCLUSION: MR imaging and 99mTc MIBI scintigraphy have similarly good sensitivity and positive predictive value for the detection of hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue in patients after surgery. The combination of the two tests provided a substantial increase in sensitivity and positive predictive value.

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