In vitro fungicidal activities of voriconazole, itraconazole, and amphotericin B against opportunistic moniliaceous and dematiaceous fungi

A Espinel-Ingroff
Journal of Clinical Microbiology 2001, 39 (3): 954-8
The NCCLS proposed standard M38-P describes standard parameters for testing the fungistatic antifungal activities (MICs) of established agents against filamentous fungi (molds); however, standard conditions are not available for testing their fungicidal activities (minimum fungicidal or lethal concentrations [MFCs]). This study evaluated the in vitro fungistatic and fungicidal activities of voriconazole, itraconazole, and amphotericin B against 260 common and emerging molds (174 Aspergillus sp. isolates [five species], 23 Fusarium sp. isolates [three species], 6 Paecilomyces lilacinus isolates, 6 Rhizopus arrhizus isolates, 23 Scedosporium sp. isolates, 23 dematiaceous fungi, and 5 Trichoderma longibrachiatum isolates). MICs were determined by following the NCCLS M38-P broth microdilution method. MFCs were the lowest drug dilutions that resulted in fewer than three colonies. Voriconazole showed similar or better fungicidal activity (MFC at which 90% of isolates tested are killed [MFC(90)], 1 to 2 microg/ml) than the reference agents for Aspergillus spp. with the exception of Aspergillus terreus (MFC(90) of voriconazole and amphotericin B, >8 microg/ml). The voriconazole geometric mean (G mean) MFC for Scedosporium apiospermum was lower (2.52 microg/ml) than those of the other two agents (5.75 to 7.5 microg/ml). In contrast, amphotericin B and itraconazole G mean MFCs for R. arrhizus were 2.1 to 2.2 microg/ml, but that for voriconazole was >8 microg/ml. Little or no fungicidal activity was shown for Fusarium spp. (2 to >8 microg/ml) and Scedosporium prolificans (>8 microg/ml) by the three agents, but voriconazole had some activity against P. lilacinus and T. longibrachiatum (G mean MFCs, 1.8 and 4 microg/ml, respectively). The fungicidal activity of the three agents was similar (G mean MFC, 1.83 to 2.36 microg/ml) for the dematiaceous fungi with the exception of the azole MFCs (>8 microg/ml) for some Bipolaris spicifera and Dactylaria constricta var. gallopava. These data extend and corroborate the available fungicidal results for the three agents. The role of the MFC as a predictor of clinical outcome needs to be established in clinical trials by following standardized testing conditions for determination of these in vitro values.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"