JOURNAL ARTICLE

MS-275, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, selectively induces transforming growth factor beta type II receptor expression in human breast cancer cells

B I Lee, S H Park, J W Kim, E A Sausville, H T Kim, O Nakanishi, J B Trepel, S J Kim
Cancer Research 2001 February 1, 61 (3): 931-4
11221885
Transcriptional repression of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-1P type II receptor (TPRII) gene appears to be a major mechanism to inactivate TGF-beta responsiveness in many human cancers. Because histone acetylation/deacetylation plays a role in transcriptional regulation, we have examined the effect of MS-275, a synthetic inhibitor of histone deacetylase, in human breast cancer cell lines. MS-275 showed antiproliferative activity against all human breast cancer cell lines examined and induced TbetaRII mRNA, but not TGF-beta type I receptor mRNA. MS-275 caused an accumulation of acetylated histones H3 and H4 in total cellular chromatin. An increase in the accumulation of acetylated histones H3 and H4 was detected in the TbetaRII promoter after treatment with MS-275. However, the level of histone acetylation did not change in chromatin associated with the TGF-beta type I receptor gene. MS-275 treatment enhanced TGF-beta1-induced plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 expression. Thus, antitumor activity of MS-275 may be mediated in part through the induction of TbetaRII expression and consequent potentiation of TGF-beta signaling.

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