Genotyping of human platelet antigens in ethnic Northeastern Thais by the polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primer technique

A V Romphruk, J Akahat, P Srivanichrak, C Puapairoj, A Romphruk, C Leelayuwat
Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 2000, 83 (11): 1333-9
Human platelet antigens (HPA) are important in neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAITP), post-transfusion purpura (PTP), refractoriness to platelet transfusion therapy and population genetics. The distribution of HPA in a Northeast Thai population was studied. 300 healthy, unrelated, and ethnic Northeastern Thais were randomly selected. Using the polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primer technique (PCR-SSP), the frequency of HPA-1, -2, -3, -4, -5 and -6 were determined. The phenotype frequencies were 100 per cent for HPA-1a, 4a, 5a, and 6a. For HPA-1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 5b and 6b, the frequencies were 5.7, 99.7, 12.3, 78.0, 71.3, 7.3 and 3.0 per cent, respectively. The HPA-4b was not found. The HPA frequencies in our subjects were quite similar to other Asian populations but were different from Caucasians. The distribution of HPA genotypes encountered in our study indicate that HPA-1a, -4a, -4b, -5a and -6a will not be involved in NAITP, PTP and refractoriness to platelet transfusion therapy in Northeastern Thais. Moreover, HPA-1b, -2a, -2b, -3a, -3b, -5b and -6b may induce alloantibodies in these patients.

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