JOURNAL ARTICLE

Novel application of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 generation tests in the diagnosis of growth hormone axis disturbances in children with beta-thalassaemia

D C Chrysis, T K Alexandrides, E Koromantzou, N Georgopoulos, P Vassilakos, W Kiess, J Kratsch, N G Beratis, B E Spiliotis
Clinical Endocrinology 2001, 54 (2): 253-9
11207641

OBJECTIVE: Children with beta-thalassaemia major (beta-thal) frequently have growth retardation in the presence of low serum IGF-I and a normal GH response to pharmacological stimulation suggesting that they have GH insensitivity (GHIS). This study was carried out to study the cause of their growth retardation.

DESIGN: We studied IGF-I and IGFBP-3 generation after exogenous GH administration for four days, in 15 prepubertal controls (C) and 41 prepubertal beta-thal patients divided into three groups according to their growth status: (Group 1) 15 with normal growth (N-thal) (Group 2) 16 with decelerated growth (D-thal) and (Group 3) 10 with short stature (S-thal), in order to determine whether GHIS is the cause of their growth retardation.

MEASUREMENTS: IGF-I and IGFBP-3 were measured daily, before and for 4 days after daily administration of 0.1 IU/kg hGH, in 3 groups of prepubertal beta-thal patients and normal controls.

RESULTS: N-thal and C had similar basal serum IGF-I (142 +/- 52 and 196 +/- 56 ng/ml, respectively) and IGFBP-3 concentrations (2.07 +/- 0.49 and 2.66 +/- 0.41 mg/l, respectively) as well as a similar percent increase of IGF-I (101 +/- 23% and 104 +/- 37%, respectively) and IGFBP-3 (52 +/- 36%, and 38 +/- 14%, respectively) during the generation tests. S-thal and D-thal had significantly lower basal IGF-I and IGFBP-3 concentrations (85 +/- 42 and 101 +/- 36 ng/ml; and 1.60 +/- 0.49 and 1.79 +/- 0.52 mg/l, respectively) as compared to N-thal and C (P < 0.001 and P < 0.005, respectively), and a significantly higher percent increase of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 during the generation tests (249 +/- 43 and 161 +/- 76%; and 121 +/- 99 and 73 +/- 35%, respectively) as compared to N-thal and C (P < 0.0001 and P < 0.01, respectively). Twenty-five percent of the growth retarded patients had classic GH deficiency (GHD) and percent increases of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 in the generation tests (164 +/- 86% and 80 +/- 49%, respectively) which were similar to those of the remaining growth-retarded children.

CONCLUSION: The greater percent increases of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 in the generation tests of the growth retarded beta-thal patients, both with and without GHD, strongly suggest impaired GH secretion rather than GHIS as the cause of their growth retardation. We conclude that the IGF-I and IGFBP-3 generation tests are useful tools for the study not only of GHIS but also of GH secretory disorders in patients with beta-thal and short stature that can easily be performed in an outpatient setting as an initial test to identify the patients that may benefit from GH therapy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11207641
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"