Steric effects control the structure of the solvated lanthanum(III) ion in aqueous, dimethyl sulfoxide, and N,N'-dimethylpropyleneurea solution. An EXAFS and large-angle X-ray scattering study

J Näslund, P Lindqvist-Reis, I Persson, M Sandström
Inorganic Chemistry 2000 September 4, 39 (18): 4006-11
The structure of the solvated lanthanum(III) ion has been determined in aqueous, dimethyl sulfoxide, and N,N'-dimethylpropyleneurea solution by means of the EXAFS and large-angle X-ray scattering (LAXS) techniques. The close agreement between the EXAFS spectra of solid nonaaqualanthanum(III) trifluoromethanesulfonate and of an aqueous lanthanum(III) perchlorate solution shows that the hydrated lanthanum(III) ion in aqueous solution most probably has the same structure as in the solid, i.e., nine water molecules coordinated in a tricapped trigonal prismatic configuration. The data analysis from EXAFS and LAXS measurements of the aqueous solution resulted in the La-O bond distances 2.52(2) and 2.65(3) A to the water molecules in the prism and the capping positions, respectively. The LAXS study shows a second hydration sphere consistent with approximately 18 water molecules at 4.63(2) A. The EXAFS spectra of solid octakis(dimethyl sulfoxide)lanthanum(III) trifluoromethanesulfonate and a dimethyl sulfoxide solution of this salt are also similar. The data analysis of EXAFS and LAXS measurements assuming eight-coordination around lanthanum yielded an La-O bond distance of 2.50(2) A, and an La...S distance of 3.70(3) A, giving an La-O-S angle of 133(2) degrees. The EXAFS data of an N,N'-dimethylpropyleneurea solution of lanthanum(III) trifluoromethanesulfonate gave the La-O bond distance 2.438(4) A and the La...C distance 3.41(2) A, which correspond to an La-O-C angle of 131(2) degrees. The La-O bond distance is consistent with seven-coordination around lanthanum, on the basis of the variation of the ionic radii of the lanthanum(III) ion with different coordination numbers.

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