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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Coordination of lanthanide triflates and perchlorates with N,N,N',N'-tetramethylsuccinamide

B M Rapko, B K McNamara, R D Rogers, G A Broker, G J Lumetta, B P Hay
Inorganic Chemistry 2000 October 16, 39 (21): 4858-67
11196965
Compounds formed from the reaction of N,N,N',N'-tetramethylsuccinamide (TMSA) with trivalent lanthanide salts possessing the poorly coordinating counteranions triflate (CF3SO3-) and perchlorate (ClO4-) have been prepared and examined. Structural features of these Ln-TMSA compounds have been studied in the solid phase by thermogravimetric analysis, infrared spectroscopy, and, in selected cases, by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and in solution by infrared spectroscopy. Eight-coordinate compounds, [Ln(TMSA)4]3+, derived from coordination of four succinamide ligands to the metal ion could be formed with all lanthanides examined (Ln = La, Pr, Nd, Eu, Yb, Lu). Structural analyses by single-crystal X-ray diffraction were performed for the lanthanide triflate salts Ln(C8H16N2O2)4(CF3SO3)3: Ln = La, compound 1, monoclinic, P2(1)/n, a = 11.0952(2) A, b = 19.2672(2) A, c = 24.9759(3) A, beta = 90.637(1) degrees, Z = 4, Dcalcd = 1.586 g cm-3; Ln = Nd, compound 2, monoclinic, C2/c, a = 24.6586(10) A, b = 19.3078(7) A, c = 11.1429(4) A, beta = 90.450(1) degrees, Z = 4, Dcalcd = 1.603 g cm-3; Ln = Eu, compound 3, monoclinic, C2/c, a = 24.4934(2) A, b = 19.3702(1) A, c = 11.1542(1) A, beta = 90.229(1) degrees, Z = 4, Dcalcd = 1.617 g cm-3; Ln = Lu, compound 5, monoclinic, C2/c, a = 24.2435(4) A, b = 19.6141(2) A, c = 11.2635(1) A, beta = 90.049(1) degrees, Z = 4, Dcalcd = 1.626 g cm-3. X-ray analysis was also carried out for the perchlorate salt: Ln = Eu, compound 4, triclinic, P1, a = 10.9611(2) A, b = 14.6144(3) A, c = 15.7992(2) A, alpha = 106.594(1) degrees, beta = 91.538(1) degrees, gamma = 90.311(1) degrees, Z = 2, Dcalcd = 1.561 g cm-3. In the presence of significant amounts of water, 7-coordinate compounds with mixed aquo-TMSA cation structures [Ln(TMSA)3(H2O)]3+ (Ln = Yb) and [Ln(TMSA)2(H2O)3]3+ (Ln = La, Pr, Nd, Eu, Yb) have been isolated with structural determinations by single-crystal X-ray diffraction obtained for the following species: Yb(C8H16N2O2)3(H2O)(CF3SO3)3, compound 6, monoclinic, P2(1)/n, a = 8.9443(3) A, b = 11.1924(4) A, c = 44.2517(13) A, beta = 93.264(1) degrees, Z = 4, Dcalcd = 1.735 g cm-3; Yb(C8H16N2O2)3(H2O)(ClO4)3, compound 7, monoclinic, Cc, a = 19.2312(6) A, b = 11.1552(3) A, c = 19.8016(4) A, beta = 111.4260(1) degrees, Z = 4, Dcalcd = 1.690 g cm-3; Yb(C8H16N2O2)2(H2O)3(CF3SO3)3, compound 8, triclinic, P1, a = 8.6719(1) A, b = 12.2683(2) A, c = 19.8094(3) A, alpha = 75.815(1) degrees, beta = 86.805(1) degrees, gamma = 72.607(1) degrees, Z = 2, Dcalcd = 1.736 g cm-3. Unlike in the analogous nitrate salts, only bidentate binding of the succinamide ligand to the lanthanide metal is observed. IR spectroscopy studies in anhydrous acetonitrile suggest that the solid-state structures of these Ln-TMSA compounds are maintained in solution.

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