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Detecting viable hibernating myocardium in chronic coronary artery disease—a comparison of resting 201Tl single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), 99mTc-methoxy-isobutyl isonitrile SPECT after nitrate administration, and 201Tl SPECT after 201Tl-glucose-insulin infusion

T Toyama, H Hoshizaki, N Isobe, H Adachi, S Naito, S Oshima, K Taniguchi
Japanese Circulation Journal 2000, 64 (12): 937-42
To identify and quantify the amount of viable hibernating myocardium in patients with chronic coronary artery disease, resting 201Tl single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was compared with 99mTc-methoxy-isobutyl isonitrile (MIBI) SPECT after nitrate infusion (nitrate-99mTc-MIBI) and 201Tl SPECT after 201Tl with glucose-insulin-potassium infusion (201Tl-GIK) in 25 patients. Twenty-one patients also underwent completely left ventriculography beforehand and 5+/-4 months afterwards. SPECT images were divided into 9 segments and scored visually from 0 (normal uptake) to 3 (absent). The defect score was calculated as the summation of the total scores (TDS) in each patient. The TDS of nitrate-99mTc-MIBI images (6.3+/-4.3) and 201Tl-GIK images (5.8+/-4.2) were significantly lower than the 7.4+/-4.3 of resting 201Tl images (p<0.01). Based on the improvement of wall motion after coronary revascularization, the sensitivity of 201Tl-GIK imaging (85%) was significantly higher (p<0.05), and that of nitrate-99mTc-MIBI imaging (79%) also tended to be higher (p=0.08), than that of 201Tl imaging (62%) in detecting viable myocardium. The specificity of the 3 methods was almost the same. The nitrate-99mTc-MIBI and 201Tl-GIK methods were more useful than the resting 201Tl method for evaluating viable hibernating myocardium. Furthermore, the 201Tl-GIK method may provide a more accurate estimate of the amount of viable myocardium than the nitrate-99mTc-MIBI method.

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