JOURNAL ARTICLE

Substrate utilization in porcine embryos cultured in NCSU23 and G1.2/G2.2 sequential culture media

A P Gandhi, M Lane, D K Gardner, R L Krisher
Molecular Reproduction and Development 2001, 58 (3): 269-75
11170267
Embryo metabolism is an indicator of viability and, therefore, efficiency of the culture medium. Currently, little is known regarding porcine embryo metabolism. The objective of our study was to evaluate glucose and pyruvate uptake and lactate production in porcine embryos cultured in two different media systems. Oocytes were matured and fertilized according to standard protocols. Embryos were allocated randomly into two culture treatments, NCSU23 medium or G1.2/G2.2 sequential culture media 6-8 h post-insemination (hpi). Embryo substrate utilization was measured at the two-cell (24-30 hpi), 8-cell (80 hpi), morula (120 hpi), and blastocyst (144 hpi) stages using ultramicrofluorimetry. Glucose uptake was higher (P < 0.05) in two-cell embryos cultured in G1.2 than in NCSU23 medium (4.54 +/- 0.71, 2.16 +/- 0.87 pmol/embryo/h, respectively). Embryos cultured in G1.2/G2.2 produced significantly more lactate than those in NCSU23 at the eight-cell stage (9.41 +/- 0.71, 4.42 +/- 0.95 pmol/embryo/hr, respectively) as well as the morula stage (11.03 +/- 2.31, 6.29 +/- 0.77 pmol/embryo/hr, respectively). Pyruvate uptake was higher (P < 0.05) in morula cultured in G1.2/G2.2 versus NCSU23 (22.59 +/- 3.92, 11.29 +/- 1.57 pmol/embryo/h, respectively). Lactate production was greater (P < 0.05) in blastocysts cultured in G1.2/G2.2 (38.13 +/- 15.94 pmol/embryo/h) than blastocysts cultured in NCSU23 (8.46 +/- 2.38 pmol/embryo/h). Pyruvate uptake was also greater in blastocysts cultured in G1.2/G2.2 (24.3 +/- 11.04) than those in NCSU23 (11.30 +/- 2.70). When cultured in NCSU23 medium, two- and eight-cell embryos utilized less glucose than morulae and blastocysts, and two-cell embryos produced less lactate than blastocysts (P < 0.05). In G1.2/G2.2 media, two-cells took up less pyruvate than morulae or blastocysts, while blastocysts produced more lactate and utilized more glucose than two-cell, eight-cell and morula stage embryos (P < 0.05). As in other species, glycolysis appears to be the primary metabolic pathway in post-compaction stage porcine embryos. Culture medium composition affects not only substrate uptake, but also metabolic pathways by which these substrates are utilized in porcine embryos at several developmental stages.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11170267
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"