Chemotherapy triggers apoptosis in a caspase-8-dependent and mitochondria-controlled manner in the non-small cell lung cancer cell line NCI-H460

C G Ferreira, S W Span, G J Peters, F A Kruyt, G Giaccone
Cancer Research 2000 December 15, 60 (24): 7133-41
Chemotherapy-induced apoptosis is generally thought to be dependent on a pathway headed by caspase-9. This model is primarily based on studies performed in leukemia cells; however, little is known about caspase cascades in relatively resistant solid tumor cells, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. Using the NSCLC cell line NCI-H460 (H460), here, we studied the effect of stable expression of various caspase inhibitors on apoptosis induced by the anticancer drugs cisplatin, topotecan, and gemcitabine. Interestingly, overexpression of caspase-9S and X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP), both able to inhibit caspase-9 activity, failed to block apoptosis. In contrast, stable expression of caspase-8 inhibitors, such as cytokine response modifier A (CrmA) and dominant-negative caspase-8, almost completely abrogated apoptosis and also enhanced clonogenic survival. Caspase-8 activation in H460 cells was not mediated by death receptors, inasmuch as overexpression of dominant-negative Fas-associated death domain (FADD-DN) did not prevent procaspase-8 cleavage and subsequent apoptosis. However, stable expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL did suppress these apoptotic events, including the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria, which was observed in drug-treated H460 cells. In the NSCLC cell line H460, we, thus, provide evidence for the existence of a novel drug-inducible apoptotic pathway in which activation of caspase-8, and not of caspase-9, forms the apical and mitochondria-dependent step that subsequently activates the downstream caspases.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"