Exposure to cockroach allergen in the home is associated with incident doctor-diagnosed asthma and recurrent wheezing

A A Litonjua, V J Carey, H A Burge, S T Weiss, D R Gold
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 2001, 107 (1): 41-7

BACKGROUND: Indoor inhaled allergens have been repeatedly demonstrated to worsen asthma in sensitized individuals, but their role in incident asthma is more controversial.

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the relationship between exposure to allergens (dust mite, cat, and cockroach) measured in the home and incident doctor-diagnosed asthma and recurrent wheezing in children born to parents with asthma, allergies, or both.

METHODS: From an ongoing longitudinal family and birth cohort study, we identified 222 siblings (median age, 2.87 years) of the index children. Allergen levels in the home were measured from dust samples obtained at the beginning of the study. Incident doctor-diagnosed asthma and recurrent wheezing were determined from questionnaires administered at 14 months and 22 months after the initial questionnaire.

RESULTS: Thirteen (5.9%) children were reported to have incident asthma, twenty (9.0%) children had recurrent asthmatic wheezing, and 18 (8.1%) had recurrent wheezing without asthma. Compared with children living in homes with Bla g 1 or 2 levels of less than 0.05 U/g, children exposed to Bla g 1 or 2 levels of 0.05 to less than 2 U/g had a relative risk for incident asthma of 8.27 (95% confidence interval, 1.04-66.04), whereas children exposed to Bla g 1 or 2 levels of 2 U/g or greater had a relative risk for incident asthma of 35.87 (95% confidence interval, 4.49-286.62). Cockroach allergen exposure was likewise a significant predictor for recurrent asthmatic wheezing. Neither dust mite nor cat allergen levels were significantly associated with either outcome. These findings remained after control for several covariates.

CONCLUSION: Exposure to cockroach allergen early in life may contribute to the development of asthma in susceptible children.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"