Affinity purification of immunoglobulins from chicken egg yolk using a new synthetic ligand

A Verdoliva, G Basile, G Fassina
Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Sciences and Applications 2000 December 1, 749 (2): 233-42
Due to the peculiar composition of the egg yolk and the lack of specific affinity ligands, Y immunoglobulins are normally purified using complex and time consuming procedures involving a combination of precipitation and chromatographic steps first to extract and capture and then to polish IgY. In this study, we have examined the applicability for IgY affinity purification of TG19318, a synthetic ligand for immunoglobulin, obtained from the screening of combinatorial libraries, and already characterized for its capability to purify immunoglobulins of class G, M, E and A. Soluble proteins were separated from the lipidic fraction of egg yolk by the water dilution method and loaded on to TG19318 affinity columns prepared by immobilizing the ligand on the commercially available support Emphaze. In a single chromatographic step TG19318 affinity columns led to an efficient capture of IgY directly from crude samples, and with a purity degree higher than 90%, as determined by densitometric scanning of SDS-PAGE analysis of bound fractions, and with full recovery of antibody activity, as determined by ELISA assay. Higher recovery and purity of IgY was obtained by using loading buffers at pH close to 6.5. Column capacity, determined by applying 4x excess IgY to 1 ml bed volume column, and eluting the retained immunoglobulins, was close to 65 mg of IgY per ml of resin. Chemical and chromatographic stability of TG19318/Emphaze was tested before and after various treatments. The derivatized matrix was found to be very stable, in terms of ligand leakage and maintenance of IgY binding capacity, under conditions of normal column usage, cleaning and storage.

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